Dyslexia is a language-based learning difference.

DYSLEXIA- What you should know about it

Dyslexia is a language-based learning difference.  It affects the organization in the brain that controls the ability to process the way language is heard, spoken, read, or spelled. Dyslexia can also manifest in difficulties with working memory, attention, and organization. It is a general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence. People without reading disabilities process a word instantly and can automatically access the definitions of words as they read. In contrast, those with dyslexia experience reading as a slow, labored, and error-prone activity.

A dyslexic child who finds the acquisition of these literacy skills difficult can also suffer a lot of anguish and trauma when they may feel mentally abused by their peers within the school environment, because they have a learning difficulty. Much can be done to alleviate this by integrating the child into the class environment (which is predominantly a learning environment) where he/she can feel comfortable and develop confidence and self esteem.

It is important to keep in mind that people with dyslexia are not lacking in motivation or intelligence. In fact, they are typically average to above average in intelligence. Furthermore, dyslexia is fairly common and diagnosis needs to be made by competent psychologists who understand the processing deficits that are linked with the struggles associated with dyslexia.


How you may recognize dyslexia in a child:


  • late learning to talk
  • difficulty pronouncing words
  • trouble acquiring vocabulary and grammar
  • trouble following directions
  • confusion with concepts
  • difficulty learning the alphabet and rhyming



  • trouble learning letters and sounds – poor phonological awareness
  • trouble with reversals and order of letters
  • omits or misreads little words
  • trouble decoding longer words
  • difficulty with oral or silent reading
  • slow reading rate



  • trouble putting ideas on paper
  • uncertainty with concepts of right or left
  • handwriting struggles
  • difficulty with organizing written language
  • trouble copying
  • spelling errors
  • trouble applying rules in daily work
  • poor proofreading ability



  • poor sense of time
  • downward trend in test scores
  • inconsistent school work
  • “lazy” syndrome
  • appears inattentive only during academic tasks
  • difficulty putting thoughts into words or finding the right word
  • difficulty with foreign language

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