There are people who are naturally hyperactive and need to be constantly active. In children, this is often called hyperactivity. Some children and even adults also have difficulty paying attention and often act impulsively.
Here are some characteristics of hyperactivity in children; they have a hard time focusing or paying attention, they have the uncontrollable need to fidget with something at all times, they are easily distracted by the slightest sound or movement, may ask irrelevant questions or blurt out stories and random thoughts. Children who are hyperactive may be prone to make silly mistakes in tests or homework, may not read directions or follow instructions and then make silly mistakes in examinations or assessments. They may forget to do the required assignments or even do the wrong one. Also, they may often lose their homework, books, or other necessary items.
Teaching is hard enough and teaching children like this can really try your patience. However, there are ways through which you can get them to settle down, study or learn.
The diet of your child plays a very important role in his or her overall well-being. If your child is having problems with concentration, the first place to look in is your kitchen! Check his or her diet, that is; breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks and fizzy drinks for sugar content. Most of the times, kids consume a lot of sugar through their favorite snacks, breakfast and other food items, which results in them getting a sugar rush! Sugar rush is nothing but the presence of excessive sugar in their bloodstream that makes them hyperactive which makes it difficult for them to concentrate on one singular thing at a time. Furthermore, this sugar rush tends to fade away in a span of 3-4 hours and this leads to them becoming lethargic and irritated, further hampering their chances of having a good concentration. Substituting sugary foods with healthier alternatives should help to maintain ideal sugar level. To improve concentration of your child, look into his or her diet and cut down on the junk food intake if it is in excess.
WATCH FAMILY HABITS
While you can only hope that your child concentrates in school, at home there are certain areas where you can ensure that his concentration is optimum. For doing so, you need to watch your habits and your family’s habits! See whether some family members have a habit of speaking too loudly or listening to music or TV too loudly? Similarly, check whether your habit of supervising every aspect of your child’s studying is affecting his concentration levels? Also do check whether your child is eating well, try and sort out situations that might be stressing him or her out, as stress tends to interfere in one’s concentrating ability. It is also necessary to ensure that he or she sits to study in a well-lit room with good ventilation and the least possible noise in the background.
In addition, some school teachers try to alternate verbal tactics, using whispering or different voices or silently mouthing the words to get children to focus on them. They also employ visual cues, such as putting a hand up in the air or touching their finger to their nose and asking the children to do the same when they’re quiet and once they’ve gotten the child’s undivided attention, they keep instructions clear, short, and direct.
Many adults would agree that multi- tasking is quite difficult. Now imagine your children who by nature are curious and inquisitive and are sitting with a multitude of books in front of them! Now throw in the computer, Television and other tempting gadgets in the mix, surely it would be a distraction for them. Rather, you can allocate a certain study time for a certain subject as this will help the child concentrate on one subject and understand it properly. For example, instead of 1 hour of study for 4 subjects, distribute it over a 20 minute study time for per subject! This distribution will work wonders for your child’s concentration levels. If he or she has a large project to do, he can break it into little pieces and do several of those smaller tasks at once and making sure he completes each of them. This way, he won’t get bored or sidetracked from the larger project, and soon the little, completed pieces will add up to the whole project being completed.
Introducing short breaks in between study sessions for hyperactivity helps children concentrate better. Remember those monotonous board meetings where you could do with a break? Now imagine your child sitting through at least 5 hours of continuous teaching or studying, seems like a too long board meeting.
Breaking up study sessions seems like a wonderful idea especially when the child is having trouble concentrating. Such breaks helps to revitalize the child’s lagging interest and concentration levels when it comes to studying, as taking a few moments off the subject at hand can freshen up the mind.
Children can be advised during class lessons to take notes of the important facts that the teacher is explaining. Taking down notes during classes helps. They can make a note only after they have heard the teacher say something important; this note-making helps your child reinforce what they have been taught. This reinforcement helps your child to not only have a recap of the day’s teaching but also helps him or her to improve his concentration as he or she has to pay complete attention to what the teacher is saying and later concentrate on trying to recall what his notes say! This skill is very useful especially as they progress to higher levels of learning.
Furthermore, the main thing to be kept in mind here is that you mustn’t seek to improve your child’s concentration only from the academic point of view but from an overall point of view. Good concentration will ensure that even as an adult your child will be able to concentrate better and have a chance at being a better professional as well as in their personal life!
http://www.medimanage.com/my-kids-health/articles/5-Tips-to-make-your-child-concentrate-better.aspx (5 tips to make your child concentrate better)
http://www.school-for-champions.com/mentalhealth/hyperactive_children.htm#.WnnDnrynHMw (Harnessing a Child’s Hyperactivity)